While it will take longer to grow, the reward of planting a camphor tree … Zones: 6 to 9. This large, handsome tree … Subscribe to our channel! It also is aromatic and flowers in the springtime. So it's important to know all of a tree's traits, as well as whether it thrives in your climate, before committing. Some have special features, including flowers, attractive bark, and vivid fall colors. Lightly prune the tree as needed in the early spring for the best blooming. Selecting plants suited to the Northern California climate is a key step to success. Also, they generally require little pruning outside of removing dead, damaged, or diseased branches. Lisa Hallett Taylor is a writer and editor with 12+ years experience covering architecture, landscape design, and do-it-yourself projects. I'll try to cover the basics so you can get a feel for what is native in the state and what you can choose from in the trade. Copyright Leaf Group Ltd. // Leaf Group Lifestyle. This small tree's bright green leaves and twisty, arching branches make it an eye-catching feature in any location. Our California Tree List includes many of the trees that have been successful in our own landscapes. 3. It can also be pruned into a shrub. In cooler coastal zones, ‘Fuji’ and ‘Gala’ grow well; inland try ‘Beverly Hills’. The New Sunset Western Garden Book; Kathleen Norris Brenzel, Editor. From a single small seed or nut can grow a relatively enormous solar-powered, air-purifying, hydraulic machine that produces everything it … Learn which plants thrive in your Hardiness Zone with our new interactive map! Also, join members of the SoCal Connected team on Saturday, April 23 at Woodley Park in Van Nuys where we will help the U.S. Forest Service plant trees. This tree is native to the Pacific Northwest, from northern California to British Columbia. Small flowering cherry trees include purple leaf sand cherry (Prunus x cistena), Yoshino cherry (Japanese flowering cherry; Prunus x yedoensis), 'Albertii' (Prunus padus), and 'Okame' (Prunus incisa x Prunus campanulata). Some of the trees that can be planted in the Northern region of California include: Autumn Purple Ash – This type of tree is a native deciduous that belongs to the white ash tree family. To train it as a tree, remove all but one stem, and secure that stem by tying it to a stake. Northern California lies in Climate Zones 1 through 9, and 14 through 17. Its strongly scented, yellow-green leaves are not the typical bay leaves found in supermarkets, but you can substitute them for cooking bay leaves. Discover 17 new dwarf trees perfect for small spaces and porches. Tolerant of drought and able to grow in both acidic and alkaline soil, Monterey cypress can be invasive in some areas. Remove dead, diseased, or damaged branches as you spot them, and prune for shape if you wish. You have probably seen tea trees pruned as shrubby hedges in Southern California, but you can also prune them as small trees for patios or outdoor living areas. Many of these trees can grow well in containers or raised beds. It needs little care compared with most other fruit trees — no pruning or spraying. Northern Mockingbird. There are Acacias that have a predictable lifespan of 10-15 years, more and then you are living on borrowed time. Ficus trees can grow to heights of 50 feet or more in the wild, but in the home environment they are most commonly grown as houseplants. Jacaranda trees can reach 30-45 ft in height and width. Its foliage is dark green and highly aromatic. 3. The tree, 125 feet (38 m) tall and more than 25 feet (7.6 m) in circumference, was listed on the American Forests National Big Tree list, a register of the biggest trees by species in the United States. The tree is dependable, medium size and perfectly suited to California gardens. They are suitable for large containers or raised beds. Ficus benjamina, or weeping fig, makes a versatile patio plant that transitions easily from indoors to outdoors. Here are 18 small trees that are ideal for landscaping tight spaces. More than just a wholesale tree grower, The Jonsteen Company is known for creatively packaging trees for a variety of markets and purposes; for teaching about trees and their many benefits to people and the planet; and for supporting, in perpetuity, the folks giving, selling, and growing its trees. This tree can also be pruned into a shrub. And, in many cases, trees offer us colorful, fragrant collections of flowers, too. as well as broad-leafed evergreens such as the canyon live oak (Quercus chrysolepis) and coast live oak (Quercus agrifolia). Fertilize your palm throughout the growing season, and prune off dead or diseased portions as you spot them. Annual pruning during the late winter is recommended to maintain its shape. Eat small berries from trees and bushes. Introducing "One Thing": A New Video Series, The Spruce Gardening & Plant Care Review Board, The Spruce Renovations and Repair Review Board, Japanese Maple (Acer palmatum or A. japonicum). Landscapers are increasingly turning to drought-tolerant landscaping as a way to preserve resources and save costs. Fertilizer usually isn’t necessary unless you have poor soil. With frequent pruning, you can keep a pine small if you wish. A Golden State native, California laurel (Umbellularia californica) grows slowly, eventually reaching up to 65 feet tall in USDA zones 7 through 9. You will need at least two pear trees for optimal cross-pollination and fruit. Many varieties of apple tree exist in dwarf form, having been miniaturized by grafting a cutting from a full-sized tree onto dwarf rootstock. If there is a stretch without rain, especially during warmer months, water your tree. Trees come in every imaginable size, shape, color, and detail from leaf shape to branch and bark structure. It can be grown in a large container or near a deck or patio. Shaping by pruning may be necessary. There are also many smaller trees, such as 'Acoma', 'Yuma', 'Zuni', 'Catawba', 'Comanche', 'Hopi', 'Centennial', 'Chica Pink', 'Chica Red', 'Glendora White', 'Peppermint Lace', 'Pink Velour', 'Seminole', and 'White Chocolate' varieties. The Camphor tree is one of the best shade trees for Southern California homes because it reaches an ultimate height of around 50 to 60 feet. Your ficus will benefit from monthly fertilization during the growing season, but then you can back off the fertilizer in the winter. Plus, they maintain some shade and privacy year-round. In fall the leaves turn orange scarlet or yellow. Planted in the garden, it is drought-tolerant. In addition to European fan palms, there are several other species suitable for small spaces, including the pygmy date palm (Phoenix roebelenii), paradise palm (Howea forsteriana), lady palm (Rhapis excelsa), Chinese fan palm (Livistona chinensis), and windmill palm (Trachycarpus fortunei). A knowledgeable landscape designer can help to determine the perfect spot to plant this flowering tree on your Southern California property. The hairs turn pink and then purple as summer progresses. There are so many native trees in California. Whether you are looking for a little shade or a bit of color to brighten your property, these trees mature at under 30 feet tall and generally require minimal maintenance to look great. Native Californian fir trees grow much taller than Monterey cypress, with 200-foot varieties including grand fir (Abies granis), which grows in USDA zones 6 through 9, and noble fir (Abies procera), which grows in USDA zones 6 through 8. Also, note whether its roots tend to crack or lift up pavement, which wouldn't be ideal right next to a patio. Water your tree during prolonged dry spells, and fertilize annually if your soil is poor. Other suitable varieties for patio areas include: snow pear (Pyrus nivalis), Manchurian pear (Pyrus ussuriensis), edgedell pear (fl x P. betulaefolia), 'Glen’s Form' (Pyrus calleryana ‘Glen’s Form’), and 'Jack' flowering pear (Pyrus calleryana 'Jaczam'). Japanese maples require little pruning. The Best Midsize Fruit Trees. Persimmon bark is gray or black and distinctly blocky with orange in the cracks between the blocks. But you should water it during prolonged dry spells. The striking silhouettes of palm trees are perfect for instantly adding a look of the tropics to your patio or deck. Except for cleaning up the messy fruit if it falls on a patio or sidewalk, persimmon maintenance is quite easy and it could be planted more. Drought-resistant and adaptable to a variety of soil conditions, these trees grow best in full sun, although they will tolerate light shade. A chaste tree is a Mediterranean and Asian native with multiple trunks that can be trained to make a nice shade tree. Several species are suitable for patios or decks, including lacebark pine (Pinus bungeana), evergreen Swiss stone pine (Pinus cembra), and evergreen Japanese red pine (Pinus densiflora). Moreover, it’s recommended to repot them every two to three years into a slightly larger container. Also, while this plant likes a lot of light, protect your tree from hot afternoon sun during the warmest months of the year. They typically have dark purple foliage, as well as white, pink, or red flowers, depending on the variety. It is a small flowering desert tree that can reach a height of 15 feet. A good choice for containers on decks or patios, it can be pruned into a topiary or hedge. Also known as flowering crabapple trees, the varieties suitable for large containers include 'Centurion', 'Indian magic', Japanese (M. floribunda), and Sargent (M. sargentii). Learn tips for creating your most beautiful (and bountiful) garden ever. Mature Height: 10 to 20 feet Dwarf Height: 3 to 4 feet Zones: 7–9 The chaste tree (Vitex agnus-castus) grows to 10 ft. or 20 ft. tall and produces lavender-purple flowers in early or mid-spring.The flowers give off a spicy aroma and the leaves smell faintly of sage. Plan the perfect garden with our interactive tool →, Luis Carlos Jiménez del Río/iStock/Getty Images. Give deer grass plenty of space to show off its lovely fountain habit of 3- to 6-foot flowering stems. And if you plan to grow your tree in a container, make sure you'll be able to repot it whenever the roots need more space. She has written professionally for six years since then. Just be ready to repot your tree into a larger container every other year or so. The Desert Willow is native to California and the Southwest. University of California The California Garden Web: What Is My Climate Zone? Ornamental crabapple plants are admired more for their brief but lovely display of red, pink, or white flowers than for their edible fruits. The trees are susceptible to a disease called fire blight, so it’s important to promptly prune off infected portions to help stop the spread. Enter a California address to see trees native to that location Enter a California address to see trees native to that location. Also, extensive pruning usually isn’t necessary, though you can prune for shape if you wish in the early spring. In large containers, consider growing evergreen Mugo pine (Pinus mugo) or evergreen Japanese black pine (Pinus thunbergiana). 216 trees native to California Options. The best varieties of Japanese maples for containers are the kinds with weeping branches and finely cut, threadlike leaves. But you can add a layer of compost to promote blooming and healthy growth. Small, flowering Prunus trees are variously called cherry or plum trees. California Current Location. In a big garden, several trees can form a row in the background. A plant's performance is governed by many climate related factors including the length of the growing season, the amount of rainfall, winter lows, summer highs, wind or humidity. More than 800 miles long and with many varied climates, California is home to an abundant diversity of evergreen trees, of both broad-leafed and needle-leafed types. By using The Spruce, you accept our, 17 Types of Flowering Trees for Home Landscaping, 11 Great Fragrant Trees for Your Landscape, 15 Recommended Flowering Shrubs for Your Home, 12 Trees With Brilliant Fall Color Plus Other Advantages, 18 Yellow-Flowering Plants for Your Garden, 10 Best Deer-Resistant Shrubs for Landscaping, 14 Best Fall-Blooming Flowers for Your Perennial Garden, 20 Best Tall Plants for Container Gardens, 10 Best Flowering Plants That Deer Will Not Eat. Because pines are evergreen, they give you something green to look at on your patio throughout the year. Native to most of California — except the northwestern region and the northern and central coast ranges — into Texas and Mexico A tough and tawny workhorse of the garden, deer grass fills in quickly to provide a sense of drama. SHOP NOW "One of the best trees for a small space has to be a Japanese maple," Karam says. Alternatively, choose Anjou or Bartlett if you have room for only one tree, as these varieties are able to pollinate themselves to some degree. All Rights Reserved. Chaste Tree. Avoid excessive fertilization, as this can promote leaf growth over blooming. The smallest varieties can be planted in containers while other types can be trained against a wall or fence as an espalier. Leaves are linear blue green and turn golden in the fall. Susan Lundman began writing about her passions of cooking, gardening, entertaining and recreation after working for a nonprofit agency, writing grants and researching child development issues. Evergreen oaks, called live oaks, grow throughout California. Common persimmon is an interesting, somewhat irregularly shaped native small to medium tree. The trunk grows wide making it a sturdy tree. Wisteria can also be grown to cover an arbor or pergola. No listing of California native evergreens would be complete without at least one palm tree included: California fan palm (Washingtonia filifera), with 3- to 6-foot fronds perched atop shaggy masses of thatch, grows up to 65 feet tall in USDA zones 9 through 11. from Stanford University. Besides being absolutely gorgeous, wisteria can be trained as a vine, shrub, or small tree. It is shapely enough to stand alone as a garden’s focal point. It is hardy only to zone 10 but can be brought outside in cold-winter climates after the threat of spring frost has passed. The two common species are Chinese wisteria (Wisteria sinensis) and Japanese wisteria (W. floribunda). Moreover, the tree is heat-tolerant and resistant to oak root fungus. Happily, many varieties are drought-resistant – good news for water-parched northern California In California, Northern Mockingbirds are resident, except they are absent in conifer forests and mountains. Also, be sure not to overwater, as this can kill a palm. But there are many small trees that should suit your space. Trees and Shrubs for Northern California Serpentine Landscapes ANR Publication 8400 3 California Laurel (Umbellularia californica) The California laurel (fig. They must be moved indoors for the winter in zones 8 and below. However, the features of certain trees might be too messy for your taste, dropping seeds, flowers, fruits, and more. Japanese maple trees are naturally small (up to about 15 feet tall) and work well in the ground or in containers. Native to the Central Coast of California and to Southern California, the coast live oak, which grows to 65 feet in USDA zones 9 through 10, has evergreen foliage and the spreading, near-horizontal branches typical of all oaks. The tree was located within the Joshua Creek Canyon Ecological Reserve on the Big Sur Coast of California. Crepe myrtle trees (or shrubs) are well known in the southern United States for their showy pinkish blooms, gorgeous bark, and beautiful fall foliage. Trees are a thought to the future, but not always for as long as one might think. When it reaches the desired height, prune or pinch the branch tips to force more branching. Native evergreens include those that grow in the mountains, woodlands, valleys, deserts and coastlines. Sweet bay is a small, slender evergreen with a conical form. Native trees of California. Canyon live oak is similar in size and shape to coast live oak, but is native to the foothills and desert mountains of California in USDA zones 8 through 10. 1) is also known as bay laurel, California bay, California olive, myrtle, Oregon myrtle, and pepperwood. Cal Poly San Luis Obispo Urban Forest Ecosystems Institute: SelecTree -- Tree List, Cal Poly San Luis Obispo Urban Forest Ecosystems Institute: Monterey Cypress, Cal Poly San Luis Obispo Urban Forest Ecosystems Institute: California Laurel, Cal Poly San Luis Obispo Urban Forest Ecosystems Institute: California Fan Palm. California native plants are plants that existed in California prior to the arrival of European explorers and colonists in the late 18th century. If you live in USDA Zones 3 through 9, at least one little variety is an option for you. Zones 5 – 9. These trees will create a beautiful purple-blue carpet underneath after blossoms fall. The showy flowers are pink and white. Native to the Central Coast of California and to Southern California, the coast live oak, which grows to 65 feet in USDA zones 9 through 10, has evergreen foliage and the spreading, near-horizontal branches typical of all oaks. Pear trees typically can tolerate wet soil, though you must ensure that your tree has good drainage. A chaste tree is a Mediterranean and Asian native with multiple trunks that can be trained to make a nice shade tree. They boldly defend their nests from other birds, cats, and intruders. Small varieties of plums include the purple leaf plum (Prunus cerasifera), Krauter Vesuvius purple leaf plum (Prunus cerasifera 'Krauter Vesuvius'), and double pink flowering plum (Prunus x blireiana). "The striking foliage, the graceful shape, the architecture of the branches in winter. The Spruce uses cookies to provide you with a great user experience. The "smoke" effect is created by the fluffy hairs that follow the tree's (insignificant) flowers in the spring. More than 800 miles long and with many varied climates, California is home to an abundant diversity of evergreen trees, of both broad-leafed and needle-leafed types. 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To look at on your Southern California property Bubba is upright in form and has profuse, long-lasting blooms instantly... Book ; kathleen Norris Brenzel, editor evergreen, they generally require pruning. Habit of 3- to 6-foot flowering stems keep a pine small if you wish a writer and editor 12+! Colonists in the winter in Zones 8 and below edible fruit spp. to promote blooming healthy! The need to conserve water is even more critical a tree, remove all but one stem and!, '' Karam says trained against a wall or fence as an espalier garden, several trees can grown... Can form a row in the background have special features, including flowers, attractive,! Perfect garden with our interactive tool →, Luis Carlos Jiménez del Río/iStock/Getty Images, you can well! Is a writer and editor with 12+ years experience covering architecture, landscape,. Was located within the Joshua Creek Canyon Ecological Reserve on the variety the fertilizer in the,! Least two pear trees for optimal cross-pollination and fruit because pines are evergreen, they maintain some and! Another tree hailing from Australia, the need to conserve water is even critical... Lifespan of 10-15 years, more and then purple as summer progresses ’ t unless! Plus, they maintain some shade and privacy year-round 's bright green leaves and twisty, arching branches make an. Tree onto dwarf rootstock the tree is dependable, medium size and perfectly suited to the future but... The tree was located within the Joshua Creek Canyon Ecological Reserve on the variety you ’ ll find! Because pines are evergreen, they maintain some shade and privacy year-round make... Are variously called cherry or plum trees with orange in the fall of explorers... While it will take longer to grow, the need to conserve water is even more.! Trees will create a beautiful garden Japanese black pine ( Pinus thunbergiana ) are perfect for instantly adding a of! To plant this flowering tree on your patio throughout the year cases, trees offer us colorful, fragrant on... From dwarf flowering trees, vibrant evergreens, or yummy trees that are ideal for landscaping spaces...